Study examines how strategies can foster or destroy cooperation The mechanisms of cooperation aren’t your average inspiration for dance, but to hear Gloria Benedikt tell it, that’s sort of the point.Benedikt, a graduate of the Harvard Extension School, is one of the creators of “Dancing with the Future,” a multimedia production that incorporates dance, music, spoken word, and science to explore how humans might cooperate with future generations in an effort to solve problems such as climate change.The production will premiere Tuesday in Farkas Hall, and will later be presented at the International Conference on Sustainable Development at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.“I call this a choreographed paper,” said Benedikt, who now leads the Science and Art project at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, of the production. “This grew out of an idea I had five years ago, when I was graduating from Harvard. I’d been trained at the Vienna State Opera and worked for a decade in the dance world across Europe and the U.S. But what I noticed with my academic work was that we were focusing on communicating through the written and verbal, although that comprises only 50 percent of communication.“The two things that make us human are our ability to reason and our emotions,” she continued. “In the sciences we are conversing in terms of reason … but there are other ways of communicating that speak to this other part of what makes us human, our emotions.”,The production will include a text written by Martin Nowak, professor of mathematics and of biology and director of the Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, based on his research on evolution of cooperation.The goal of the performance, Nowak said, is to engage the audience both intellectually and emotionally, to not only ensure its members understand the science, but are also moved to take action.“Scientists for decades have been trying to make people aware of climate change,” Nowak said. “And we’re now understanding that science alone doesn’t do it — we need to reach people emotionally. That’s part of the basis for this piece.”,For Benedikt, the notion of exploring the areas where art and science interact grew out of her studies with Martin Puchner, the Byron and Anita Wien Professor of Drama and of English and Comparative Literature and chair of the Committee on Theatre, Dance & Media.“Gloria was a student of mine. She took a class called ‘The Culture of Capitalism,’ and a few years later she contacted me to tell me she’d turned it into a dance piece,” Puchner said. “I was surprised and thrilled and impressed … but I’ve since learned not to be surprised by anything Gloria does. She is unbelievably inventive and energetic.”Aside from being a powerful method for science to deliver results to the public, the arts, Puchner said, have a role to play when it comes to helping people understand what those results mean to them.,“The arts have an important role in communicating the results of science, I think that’s a given,” Puchner said. “But the other thing the arts are very good at, and have their own long tradition and expertise in, is making things visible in ways that are both cerebral and emotional at the same time.” In new research on social networks, ‘a mathematical argument for stable families or for stable friendships’ Related Choosing partners or rivals Contests that can change based on players’ actions help researchers understand the evolution of cooperation Game-changing game changes Where cooperation thrives The production, a performance by five dancers and two scientists, will include an interactive game for audience members designed to test whether people have the capacity to leave enough resources behind for future generations. The game is based on the paper “Cooperating with the future” which was published in Nature in 2014.“We included the game because we wanted to not only make the science understandable, but we wanted people to internalize it,” Benedikt said. “Science can help us to understand what is possible, but art can inspire us to do what is possible. We don’t want people to walk away and say, ‘That was so interesting,’ or, ‘I understand this much better now’ … but then just go home.“That’s not enough,” she added. “The goal is not just to have people understand this theory … but to have people leave and understand what they can do.”“Dancing with the Future” will be presented at Farkas Hall on Tuesday at 7 p.m. Tickets are available at the Harvard Box Office.
Read Full Story The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the Human Vaccines Project announced the Human Immunomics Initiative (HII) this week, a joint project that aims to revolutionize the understanding of the human immune system and accelerate the creation of effective vaccines, diagnostics, and treatments.HII will bring together Chan School experts in epidemiology, causal inference, immunology, and computational and systems biology with the resources and expertise of the Human Vaccines Project, a global, nonprofit, human immunology-based clinical research consortium. HII will develop artificial intelligence-powered models of immunity that can be used to accelerate the design and testing of vaccines and therapeutics for a wide range of diseases.Vaccine development has again entered the global spotlight as the world waits for a COVID-19 vaccine. With advances in computing and artificial intelligence, genomics, systems biology, and bioinformatics, HII aims to decode the underlying mechanisms and rules of how the human immune system fights disease. HII will specifically focus on determining the principles of effective immunity in aging populations, the world’s largest growing demographic that has an immense disease burden and high morbidity and mortality in the current COVID-19 pandemic.“Successful vaccination requires four components — knowing the vaccine target, what kind of immune response you want, how to generate that response, and understanding responses in the people who you want to vaccinate,” said Sarah Fortune, chair of Harvard Chan’s Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases. “We understand a lot about the first two elements and very little about the last two. But by addressing these critical knowledge gaps, we envision a day when there are modular blueprints for successful vaccines that speed the process and increase likelihood of success.”The insights gained through HII will pave the way for artificial intelligence-powered models that allow researchers to virtually test potential vaccines, and predict what vaccines and therapies might work best across populations. This could massively speed up vaccine and drug development, and lower costs spent on testing and trials.“The way we fight disease is broken — we launch into disease-specific battles without understanding the rules that affect our chances of success,” said Michelle A. Williams, Dean of Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. “The Human Vaccines Project set out to change that by decoding the human immunome, and we are already seeing initial findings from their tremendous work.”HII will combine new testing techniques with advanced biological and computational science to model immunity across populations. The pilot phase of the initiative will examine how immunity changes with age, and how to predict or improve immune responses among aging adults.“Decline or dysfunction of the immune system among people age 70 and older is a major public health issue as the global population ages. We are seeing this acutely now with COVID-19, which is mostly spread by younger people, but which older people die from at much higher rates,” said Jaap Goudsmit, adjunct professor of epidemiology and infectious diseases at Harvard Chan School and chief scientific officer of the Human Vaccines Project.“The world’s population is aging at unprecedented rates, significantly increasing the burden of non-communicable diseases and vulnerability to infectious diseases, as evidenced by the current COVID-19 pandemic,” added Wayne C. Koff, president and CEO of the Human Vaccines Project. “The complexity of the human immune system has confounded efforts to prevent and control diseases in aging populations, and this collaboration will marry expansive data collection through clinical research with new technologies and cutting-edge science to catalyze new approaches to fighting major global diseases.”
In ‘Postcards From Here,’ three students share a slice of life Stories from faculty, students, staff about writing’s place in a pandemic In a word An empty square, a full summer, teaching tuba Three students in 3 countries share in the ‘Postcards From Here’ series One student worked with the Harvard Muslim Youth Program (HMYP) to build a supportive, online community space for Muslim youth in and around Boston. Another served as a home-health aide for the local elderly population in Arizona. Others focused on mentorship, jazz education, and student mutual-aid networks.All of these endeavors were part of an engaged scholarship course “Care in Critical Times” taught this fall by Andrea Wright, lecturer in anthropology, Allston Burr Resident Dean of Eliot House, and assistant dean of Harvard College. Students learned how culture, society, and systems of power shape the exchange of care between individuals and communities, and they put their lessons into practice through semester-long “community care projects.”“When I created this course, it was to explore gender, race, and class, and the ways in which they intersect with care,” Wright said. “It was about interrogating existing stereotypes surrounding who can and should care, and who isn’t expected or required to care. It became clear that this course was also a moment for us to reflect on our own humanity and to connect all of the pieces of the course to our local communities, specifically through radical acts of care. The students far exceeded my expectations for how seriously and sincerely they would engage with this topic, and how much it would mean to all of us, at this critical moment.”All of the projects and related materials and resources now live in an online public syllabus that serves to reimagine and redefine care and inspire others to do the same. A few students recently spoke to the Gazette about their experiences.,Related
When we engage with clients to help them identify where and how to leverage big data for business value, we frequently use the Big Data Business Model Maturity Index (BDBM). This helps organizations understand how effective they are at leveraging data and analytics to power their value creation processes.Big Data Business Model Maturity IndexApplying the BDBM can help an organization identify how it should enact changes to people, processes, and technologies to enable the creation of analytic insight that drives its top-level strategic initiatives. Organizations that adopt this approach can utilize advanced analytics to couple new sources of customer, product and operational data, optimizing key business processes and uncovering new monetization opportunities.However from an IT perspective, what does this look like? The traditional data warehouse just can’t support these new data and analytic capabilities.Well, the time is right for organizations to embrace a data lake as the data management platform for advanced analytics and predictive insight. A data lake not only provides a repository for the collection of all sorts of structured and unstructured data, both internal as well as external to the organization, but it also enables data science teams to self-provision an analytic sandbox where they can rapidly ingest new data sources, ascertain their value and uncover new, more accurate predictors of business performance.Modern Data Lake ArchitectureThe data science team needs an environment where they can quickly test new data sources and analytics models without having to go through the laborious, multi-month data warehouse integration process.And once the data is loaded into a data lake, think “load once and analyze multiple times” – across multiple analytic use cases.Mapping Data Sources to Analytic Use CasesThe above chart maps the data sources – and the relative value of those data sources – to the analytic use cases in order to prioritize the data loading roadmap.A data lake also provides a benefit to organizations that are looking to free up expensive data warehousing resources by offloading the ETL processes. This allows those processes to take advantage of the inexpensive, scale-out, natively parallel Hadoop environment.And ultimately who knows how the data warehouse might be transformed as technologies such as HAWQ deliver more of the value of SQL and Business Intelligence (reports and dashboards) to the Hadoop data lake environment.With these systems in place, organizations can efficiently store and analyze their data to surface the insights that help them monetize data opportunities. These advancements through the phases of the BDBM enable the metamorphosis into a truly data-driven business.As more and more organizations embrace the data lake approach, I couldn’t be more excited to watch the results.
In technology, having the right product, that provides the best capabilities, that solves a variety of business challenges, provides TRUE incremental value, and is timed to meet both customer and the market needs, are just some of the reasons that make products so successful. On the other hand, there are countless products that fail to meet customer needs, do not provide the value required and/or are niche in scope, and do not succeed. In IT infrastructure, the tech highway is littered with products that have received generous VC investment, but never seem to achieve widespread adoption and/or simply fail for a variety of reasons.At Dell EMC we are committed to meet customer and market needs, through rigorous innovation, continuous feedback and constant evolution. As a result, our products have the right combination of features, usability and support, and are backed by a world class and #1 leading IT company with thousands of employees that deliver on their commitments to our precious customers and partners.With that mind, at Dell EMC we are very proud of a significant milestone that validates our midrange storage products. This week, our Dell EMC Unity midrange storage array family reached a major milestone – $1B in cumulative bookings revenue. We’re very proud of this milestone for a variety of reasons. First, we achieved this in a very short period of time; just over one year from the date of release on May 2, 2016, or 419 days for those who are curious. We achieved this milestone quickly, yet it’s a level that some products in just about every industry never achieve, let alone entire tech companies in their entire span of existence. Our Dell EMC Unity family of All-Flash and hybrid storage arrays reached this measure in just over a year. It’s an incredible accomplishment and puts this product family in elite company as one of the fastest-growing storage products in Dell EMC history (including pre-merger).Second, the milestone is significant from a team perspective. At Dell EMC we have engineers, developers and support teams located in various worldwide locations working diligently to develop compelling new features and support our existing and prospective customers. These teams have worked hard to add features that matter to our customers to solve their business challenges while modernizing their infrastructure for IT Transformation. I personally want to thank our teams for their contributions to reach this milestone.Our sales teams and partners have an equal responsibility for this milestone based on driving the incredible momentum for Dell EMC Unity. They’ve worked tirelessly to help customers select and implement the right solutions for the right workloads in their data centers. To our delight, Dell EMC Unity has fit those needs for nearly 6,000 customers and growing!And speaking of customers, this is the fourth and MOST IMPORTANT reason for this milestone. They are the foundation for reaching this level of success. As customers embark on their digital transformation journeys, they depend on midrange storage products that provide value, simplicity, and performance to power their demanding workloads and applications. Features alone are no longer sufficient. Customers request, and rightfully so demand, products that can deliver both great technology and great value that are naturally intuitive to use and support. These ARE the things that matter to customers today!And our customers have spoken. Shouted is probably a better description. It is each and every customer that helped us reach this milestone so quickly. Nearly 6,000 customers around the world have selected Dell EMC Unity, deploying it in ways we couldn’t have even imagined during the development phase. Here are a few industry-specific examples:Colleges, universities and school districts that are looking for a unified and simpler approach to data storage, are turning to Dell EMC Unity to consolidate multiple disparate systems into a single system that is easier to install and manage.Non-profit organizations that utilize Dell EMC Unity to store digital archives to preserve cultural treasures.Supply chain companies that required significantly faster access to reports and data, have turned to Dell EMC Unity to achieve performance at least 10 times faster than their previous environment.Cyber security firms that demand high performance storage to store and process digital forensic evidence are deploying Dell EMC Unity because of its All-Flash performance and lower TCO than legacy hybrid storage products.Fortune 50 Financial company that dramatically lowered operational overhead based on the industry-leading simplicity of Dell EMC Unity, to allow focus on additional business value requirements, compared to their competitive offering. Dell EMC Unity All-Flash and hybrid storage array family – just over a year old and more than $1 billion strongThese are just a few of the many thousands of customer examples that have chosen Dell EMC Unity as their trusted platform of choice to modernize their data centers and embrace IT Transformation. As they grow their businesses, we’ll continue to add more features to Dell EMC Unity to help solve the needs of more customers. And along the way, we’ll share additional major milestones with you, our loyal customers, partners and employees.For now, I offer my thanks to our teams around the globe for their contributions and to our customers and partners for your endorsement, making it possible for Dell EMC Unity to achieve this important milestone. Thank you for allowing us to earn your business, and stay tuned for even greater Midrange value coming soon!!!
Social media platforms like Instagram, Twitter and the like are easy to learn and make it easy to share information with just a click of a mouse or your smartphone. Is it too far-off to consider that someday that it will be just as easy to access, manage and share our medical records and diagnostic history with our healthcare providers?After all, consumers are more informed and active than ever in terms of monitoring and tracking their fitness, diet and healthcare. IDC’s Worldwide Quarterly Wearable Device Tracker noted that companies shipped 24.7 million wearable devices such as Fitbits and Apple Watches in the first quarter of 2017 alone.If we are truly the stewards of our own medical data, what’s to stop us sharing our medical history and diagnostic information with our primary care physician or medical team via tools like Instagram, just as easily as you currently share your selfies from summer vacation?Okay, sure, when it comes to actually Instagramming private medical records, there are inevitable implications around HIPAA and other privacy considerations, but as people continue to take an active role in their healthcare, the demand for resources that help us – and our medical teams – make informed decisions about our care is on the rise.Indeed, this movement has far-reaching benefits for patients, their caregivers and their healthcare providers. Managing one’s own healthcare data and records is key for all consumers and patients. But the stakes are infinitely higher for those facing a diagnosis of cancer, Alzheimer’s or chronic conditions.If you’re a patient that’s been recently diagnosed with lung cancer (for example), your biggest priorities are likely to be around educating yourself about the type of cancer you have, what stage it’s at, your life expectancy, who the team is that will develop a roadmap for your care, and what the impact of that roadmap will be. You might have a primary care physician that will begin to coordinate with a team of specialists. Your treatment plan might include surgery, or radiation treatment, or chemotherapy or immunotherapy.It would be near impossible for even the most informed patient to share their medical history and records across those multiple specialists involved with their diagnosis and treatment plan. For diseases like cancer, and other high-profile, high-impact diseases, a precision medicine exchange is necessary that’s centered around the patient. This type of information hub – whether in the form of a 3-ring binder or a USB hard drive or a cloud-based secure portal – needs to be accessible not only to the patient (who owns the data), but to everyone on the patient’s treatment team.The good news is that the ability to access, manage and share your medical records and diagnostic histories is significantly easier than it was just five years ago. In many cases, a consumer-friendly approach has given patients the ability to not just request and manage their own medical data, but to investigate and propose treatment plans and clinical trials to their medical teams.Today, resources and innovative technologies are enabling patients to take that role a step further and shift from being a participant to an active marketer and advocate for new treatments. Being able to actively market yourself for new therapies and treatments is the next step in patient engagement.For example, the Yale School of Medicine launched a user-friendly health information technology platform called Hugo in 2016, which allows people to acquire their health-related data and use it to participate in studies. Hugo lets people access their electronic health records (EHRs) from disparate health care systems and synchronize them with a research database.In the press release announcing Hugo, Rick Kuntz, MD, MS, Chief Scientific, Clinical and Regulatory Officer of Medtronic noted that “there is a pressing need for new technologies that promote patient engagement and enhance data quality while reducing the cost and burden of data acquisition.”Additionally, online communities such as DNA.Land a free service run by geneticists from Columbia University and the New York Genome Center, allow members to learn more about their genome, which in turn enables scientists to make new genetic discoveries for the greater population. By contributing their genomes to the site, DNA.Land’s members help to enable non-profit researchers and advance basic and translational science. Getting onboarded to DNA.Land is easy – you just create an account and they point you to a service such as Ancestry or 23andMe as your source for the raw DNA data.Employers are also making it easier for employees to maintain data about their health. Dell EMC was the first employer in the world to sponsor an electronic and automatically updated Personal Health Record (PHR) program called HealthLink. Over 30% of our employees interact with a PHR on a regular basis. A chapter I co-authored about the program and technology was published in in the book Analytics in Healthcare and the Life Sciences, which stated that the need for patient-centric resources is clear:“Consumers are being empowered with information and choice. There’s no fighting the trend, so employers – indeed, all the players in the healthcare ecosystem – must embrace it.ShareWhether it will be through a familiar platform like Instagram, or an information hub of the future that will allow consumers to easily share what they want, when they want, to whomever they choose, about their medical and diagnostic history, how we access, manage and share our healthcare data changing day-by-day. For consumers like me who are passionate about researching and accessing information about my own health and medical history, these are exciting times indeed. I look forward to learning more about my healthcare-self everyday.
During the 2018 Global Partner Summit Keynote, our commitment to the channel was clear. Make it easier for our partners to do business with Dell Technologies is Priority #1.Part of that includes powerful new marketing tools, trainings and materials, created with you—our partners—in mind and based entirely on your feedback, as announced here on Direct2DellEMC by Cheryl Cook.“In today’s fast-changing world, your customers know they need to embrace Digital Transformation and evolve to stay competitive—it’s not a question of if, but when. IT Transformation is a key enabler of wider Digital Transformation,” Cook said. “And as Dell EMC partners with access to solutions across the Dell Technologies family, you are uniquely positioned to guide your customers through this transformation and become their “go-to” technology consultant.”One of the latest of those solutions partners can access is the new Dell EMC IDPA DP4400 which earned us a spot on CRN’s “5 Companies That Came To Win This Week” list, where they noted that nothing is being allowed to distract us “from delivering innovative products to its channel partners and customers.”Making our commitment to be easier to do business with real, however, often falls to the operations team behind the scenes, and they are all over that commitment.Darren Sullivan, senior vice president Global Partner Strategy and Business Operations, and Stephanie Mims, vice president Channel Operations are leading the way. Sullivan is a business transformation professional with a 25-year track record, and Mims is a seasoned executive with more than 20 years experience in strategic and operational line roles.They joined me in the Global Partner lounge at Dell Technologies World 2018 with some updates on what is happening, and how their four focus areas all tie to our #1 priority “Make it easier for our partners to do business with Dell Technologies.”Get Dell EMC The Source app in the Apple App Store or Google Play, and Subscribe to the podcast: iTunes, Stitcher Radio or Google Play.Dell EMC The Source Podcast is hosted by Sam Marraccini (@SamMarraccini)
Let’s break down each Evergreen Gold ‘feature’ and see what it provides, why it’s needed and the hidden costs and issues you won’t hear about from Pure.Now let’s compare Pure’s Evergreen Gold approach to Dell EMC’s Future Proof approach for the most common customer scenarios.Find more details on Dell EMC’s full Future Proof customer loyalty program here!So, what have we learned about Pure’s Evergreen Gold?Free Every Three: Free Every Three is not ‘free’. We learned that you need to buy Evergreen Gold just to qualify and need to renew Evergreen Gold for another 3 years, 6 years total, to get the ‘free’ controllers. In many ways Free Every Three is really just a form of ‘pre-payment’ for the controllers you may need after 3 years.Upgrade Flex & Capacity Consolidation: At their essence, both Upgrade Flex and Capacity Consolidation are both REBUY programs. You are buying newer controllers and capacity to replace what you have already purchased. This is the very thing Pure says their Evergreen Storage avoids. Just because Pure claims to provide ‘some’ credit for the replaced controllers and/or capacity doesn’t change the fact it is still a rebuy program.Our recommendation: do your homework and don’t be afraid to ask Pure some hard questions about their Evergreen Gold subscription…Questions to Ask PureCan you show me exactly how much Evergreen Gold’s Free Every Three will save me versus Evergreen Silver and simply buying new controllers IF I ever need them?Can you explain how I am not essentially ‘rebuying’ controllers and/or capacity, with trade-in credits, when I use Upgrade Flex or Capacity Consolidation?Can you explain why I need to purchase more capacity when I use Upgrade Flex to get faster controllers?Why do I need to purchase a new Evergreen Gold 3 year subscription to use Upgrade Flex?Watch for more detailed blogs de-mystifying Pure’s Evergreen Gold program and comparisons of how it stacks up to Dell EMC’s Future Proof Loyalty Program.For information on Dell EMC’s storage solutions click here.For details of Dell EMC’s Future Proof Data Storage Loyalty Program click here. Pure Storage (“Pure”) makes a lot of noise about their Evergreen Storage program. With bold claims like “never rebuy a TB you’ve purchased, never do a data migration again and never do another forklift upgrade”, but the devil, and more importantly, the customer costs are in the details. We think after reviewing the facts you will come to the same conclusions we have. At its core Evergreen Storage – in our opinion – is a marketing program with features designed to overlook architectural shortcomings by focusing on specific customer benefits, while netting Pure high profit margins and locking in customers!Why Did Pure Need to Invent the Evergreen Storage ProgramPure continuously markets that Evergreen isn’t just a program it’s also how they engineer their FlashArray product. To keep their FlashArray product design simple to upgrade, while keeping data in place, they had to make some architectural choices that would enable that goal. However, along with those architectural decisions came some inherent limitations that they needed to market and sell around. This is where the Evergreen Storage comes into playSo, what are some of the architectural decisions Pure made a long time ago to enable their ‘evergreen’ storage, for the FlashArray product line, and what are some of the consequences of those decisions?Architectural DecisionsPure chose to use a dual controller active-passive architecture, which dramatically simplifies their design goal of being able to do Data-In-Place controller upgrades with no down time. They simply upgrade the passive controller first, then make it the active controller so they can upgrade the other controller.To get around some of their inherent performance issues, Pure now uses their own proprietary NVMe flash modules (X50, X70, X90), instead of industry standard flash drives, which means that they now have to do all the flash memory management, which can further affect performance.Consequences of Those DecisionsPerformance is bottlenecked by how powerful the one active controller is. Remember, that single active controller must handle all normal controller activity as well as do all the management of their proprietary flash modules. The only way to increase horsepower is by upgrading the controller. Are you starting to see the need for the Evergreen Gold Program now (Free-Every-Three, Upgrade Flex)?Scaling capacity is limited by how much capacity a FlashArray’s single active controller can manage and the amount of flash modules its able to support.Once you max out the amount of capacity the FlashArray can handle, the only way to scale capacity any higher is by swapping higher capacity flash modules into the system to replace the lower capacity flash modules.So, how does Pure get around these limitations while trying to make money along the way? Yep, you guessed it, Evergreen Gold and its 3 ‘pay-as-you-grow’ features – Free Every Three, Upgrade Flex and Capacity Consolidation.What Exactly are Pure’s Evergreen Storage Claims
POMPEII, Italy (AP) — Decades after suffering bombing and earthquake damage, Pompeii’s museum is back in business, showing off exquisite finds from excavations of the ancient Roman city. Officials at the archeological park of the ruins of the city destroyed in 79 A.D. by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius inaugurated the museum on Monday. Known as the Antiquarium, the museum gives Pompeii a permanent exhibition space. Visitors can see some of the frescoes and chunks of wall graffiti unearthed by archaeologists as well as objects of the everyday life that was snuffed out by the volcanic explosion. Due to pandemic travel restrictions, only visitors from Italy’s Campania region can currently visit but officials eagerly await the return of all visitors.
LONDON (AP) — More than 100,000 people have died in the United Kingdom after contracting the coronavirus. The health department said 100,162 people have died after testing positive, including 1,631 new deaths reported Tuesday. Britain is the fifth country in the world to pass that mark, after the United States, Brazil, India and Mexico, and by far the smallest. The U.S. has recorded more than 400,000 COVID-19 deaths, the world’s highest total, but its population of about 330 million is about five times Britain’s. The U.K. toll is 30,000 more than the total number of British civilians killed during the six years of World War II. Prime Minister Boris Johnson says a public inquiry will study the U.K. response and learn lessons “in due course.”