Whether it’s an investment adviser bilking clients, an athlete taking performance-enhancing drugs, or a small-business owner underreporting his taxes, scofflaws seem to find ways to beat the system in virtually every arena.Conventional wisdom dating as far back as Plato has held that people typically feel guilt, shame, or anxiety after acting unethically, and that those negative emotions effectively deter most future bouts of bad behavior.But a new finding about cheaters published this month in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology upends that belief. Rather than experiencing negative feelings, the research says, cheaters not only don’t feel as bad after cheating as previously thought, they report a significant boost in self-satisfaction after breaking the rules, versus non-cheaters.It’s a reaction they call the “cheater’s high.”“It’s not about the fact that you didn’t get caught for cheating; it’s this idea of feeling clever for getting around the system,” said Francesca Gino, an associate professor of business administration at Harvard Business School (HBS), who co-authored the study with Nicole E. Ruedy of the University of Washington, Celia Moore of the London Business School, and Maurice E. Schweitzer of the University of Pennsylvania.Gino said she and her colleagues first became interested in why people behave badly after being regaled with tales of misdeeds. The reports that normally ethical people said they felt good after doing something wrong ran so counter to years of accepted behavioral science that the researchers wondered what was behind it.“Oftentimes, it seemed in their stories people focused on a sense of thrill or a good feeling that came out of the fact that they violated rules or that they were able to go around the system,” said Gino. “We were intrigued by this idea that in certain situations, people might actually experience a boost in positive affect rather than feel guilty when they engaged in unethical behavior.”The word “unethical” encompasses a wide range of actions that don’t clearly harm a specific individual, the way an assault and battery would, but confer unfair advantages or gains, as an identity theft or embezzlement would. Actions that offer psychological rewards like gaining greater autonomy and influence by deceiving and manipulating others, through con games or influence peddling, for example, fall into this category, as do actions that circumvent rules designed to limit behavior, like cheating on taxes or exams, or actions that involve complex intellectual challenges, such as computer hacking.The goal of the research was to understand whether those anecdotal positive feelings were real and, if they were, under what circumstances they were likely to be triggered.The researchers conducted six studies, first asking participants to predict whether they would feel good or bad after acting unethically. As expected, most participants predicted they would feel bad. But in subsequent studies, when given the opportunity to earn more money by cheating on a quiz, people did so in large numbers and reported feeling good afterward. Even when there was no money at stake, 68 percent still cheated at least once, a sign that the “cheater’s high” is not driven by a financial payoff, the researchers found.Gino called it “a worrisome finding” that so many people cheated for no reason other than thrill-seeking, given the variety of ways and frequent opportunities people have to behave unethically when there doesn’t appear to be an obvious victim.“Academic cheating is like that, where students cheat on a test or they steal materials from the library [because] it’s unclear who is suffering the consequences of the actions,” she said. “Unfortunately, that’s an area where our research might be particularly relevant.”Not only do cheaters feel good about pulling a fast one, they cheat more frequently when they know they’re not alone, the research suggests.“When you see or learn about others’ unethical behavior, you’re more likely to engage in unethical behavior yourself. And in fact, the more you feel psychologically connected or similar to the people who are cheating, then the more likely you are to cheat yourself,” said Gino, who noted that it can only take knowing one other cheater for a person to begin a downward moral spiral.Gino said the researchers hope their findings eventually lead to a better understanding of why people cheat, and help identify better ways to tamp down those raw impulses.“I think that’s where we’re trying to move in our research. Whether organizations or schools or any other institutions, how is it that they can build a culture such that people refrain from cheating to start with, and would a code of ethics be enough?” she asked. “Or if in fact people do end up cheating, will they feel guilt rather than a boost in positive affect if there was a particular culture that talked about the importance of behaving morally?”
The dining rom at 204 Douglas Rd, Salisbury.The lounge, dining and rumpus rooms are spacious and there are built-in robes to two of the three bedrooms. The property has been greshly painted inside and out and has timber floors to the living spaces and carpet to the bedrooms and rumpus room. Oustide there is a new carport and concrete driveway while the yard is fully-fenced and landscaped. The home is close to Garden City Shopping Centre and Griffith University. The home at 204 Douglas Rd, SalisburyThis Salisbury home has been beautifully renovated and is on a popular street close to schools, shops and cafes. The property at 204 Douglas Rd has a new kitchen with freestanding 900mm stainless steel stove and oven.More from newsCrowd expected as mega estate goes under the hammer7 Aug 2020Hard work, resourcefulness and $17k bring old Ipswich home back to life20 Apr 2020There is also a new bathroom, a separate toilet and a laundry.
Whatever happened to those lovable Warrior smurfs who turned into this Frankenstein monster?The West, once comprised of titans, now seems to cower in their presence.Remember Doc Rivers musing about their good fortune at avoiding Kyrie Irving, Kevin Love, the Spurs and even his Clippers in last spring’s title romp?It’s not nice to fool with Mother Nature or, these days, with the Warriors, 81-15 over two seasons, trying to make it an NBA-record 15-0 start tonight in Denver. Steph looks like their little friend, even bulked up to 6-foot-2, 190 pounds from his days at Davidson, looking like the ballboy with the slight frame and choirboy face that led the big schools to snub him.There was never a shooter like Steph or, notes Warriors consultant Jerry West, an expert, anyone like him.“Best shooter” comprises two kinds: 1) Volume guys like Ray Allen and Reggie Miller; 2) Spot-up guys like Steve Kerr, Curry’s coach, who’s No. 1 all-time in three-point accuracy (45.4 percent).Kyle Korver and Steve Nash (No. 15 in makes, No. 9 in accuracy) are the only ones at the top of both lists.Curry is on his way to making it academic.He’s No. 3 in all-time accuracy (44.1 percent). At 27 with the most (2014-15), second-most (2012-13) and fifth-most (2013-14) 3-pointers in a season, he’s on track to be No. 1 in makes in his early 30s.Last spring, James Harden was upset at losing a deservedly close MVP race.If they took the vote now with Curry averaging 34 points, 5.3 rebounds, 5.5 assists and shooting 52 percent, he would be the first unanimous selection.Steph is now on a roll astonishing even for him, on pace to beat his record 286 3-pointers in a season … by 130.Not even miracle-wielding waifs can raise a team to such heights single-handedly.The Warriors are admirably balanced with Klay Thompson in — you guessed it — the greatest shooting backcourt ever, and arch-versatile Draymond Green, a 6-7, 245-pound power forward they put on Griffin, DeAndre Jordan and Chris Paul.Showing how special Green is in his own right, he leads them in rebounds (7.9) and assists (6.9), playing pick-and-roll with Steph, whom defenses converge on… leaving Draymond, who’s making 42 percent of his 3-pointers, too.As Rivers said after Green dropped three of them on the Clippers in the comeback, “You’ve got to live with something.”Or not live with it. Going into the weekend, Curry and Green were the No. 1 tandem at plus-169. Cleveland’s LeBron James and Kevin Love were closest, 52 points back.The Warriors and Clippers have had a bristling rivalry with Andrew Bogut roughing up Griffin and Green, who also leads them in attitude, responding to a Rivers jibe with, “Cool story, Glenn.”Maybe they can resume it later, the Clippers hope.“I wouldn’t really say this is a rivalry,” said Griffin. “We’re trying to get where they are.”So are the Spurs, Cavaliers and everyone else. The NBA story line suddenly revolves not around LeBron, but the Warriors.It doesn’t get any better for the NBA. With LeBron and the Warriors, the 2015 Finals got the highest ratings since Michael Jordan’s 1998 farewell.Not that I think the Warriors will be this good by the end, since no one ever has been.I don’t think they’ll post another 67 wins — this is still the West — much less make a run at the Bulls’ record of 72.Of course, now that I’m obliged to acknowledge it if I turn out wrong, nobody misses those cuddly little Warriors of old more than I do.Mark Heisler has written an NBA column since 1991 and was honored with the Naismith Hall of Fame’s Curt Gowdy Award in 2006. His column is published Sundays in Los Angeles News Group print editions. Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error Now you’re lucky to stay out of their way — especially the Clippers, 1-5 against them after the Warriors came from 23 behind to win Thursday.The Rockets, conference finalists last spring — for the five games the Warriors took to walk over them — got so desperate at falling 7 1/2 games behind, they fired coach Kevin McHale 11 games into his three-year, $12 million extension.Where have you gone, Don Nelson, Monta Ellis, David Lee and those entertaining teams that look like fluffy Disney characters next to this beast?The rest of the NBA turns its lonely eyes to you. The Warriors now have a rock-ribbed defense ranked No. 11 with the No. 1 offense arrayed around Steph Curry, pound for pound the greatest basketball player ever to lace them up.LeBron James is really good. Kevin Durant can really shoot. Anthony Davis looks like Peter Pan, flying around above Captain Hook’s bumbling crew.