Whether it’s an investment adviser bilking clients, an athlete taking performance-enhancing drugs, or a small-business owner underreporting his taxes, scofflaws seem to find ways to beat the system in virtually every arena.Conventional wisdom dating as far back as Plato has held that people typically feel guilt, shame, or anxiety after acting unethically, and that those negative emotions effectively deter most future bouts of bad behavior.But a new finding about cheaters published this month in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology upends that belief. Rather than experiencing negative feelings, the research says, cheaters not only don’t feel as bad after cheating as previously thought, they report a significant boost in self-satisfaction after breaking the rules, versus non-cheaters.It’s a reaction they call the “cheater’s high.”“It’s not about the fact that you didn’t get caught for cheating; it’s this idea of feeling clever for getting around the system,” said Francesca Gino, an associate professor of business administration at Harvard Business School (HBS), who co-authored the study with Nicole E. Ruedy of the University of Washington, Celia Moore of the London Business School, and Maurice E. Schweitzer of the University of Pennsylvania.Gino said she and her colleagues first became interested in why people behave badly after being regaled with tales of misdeeds. The reports that normally ethical people said they felt good after doing something wrong ran so counter to years of accepted behavioral science that the researchers wondered what was behind it.“Oftentimes, it seemed in their stories people focused on a sense of thrill or a good feeling that came out of the fact that they violated rules or that they were able to go around the system,” said Gino. “We were intrigued by this idea that in certain situations, people might actually experience a boost in positive affect rather than feel guilty when they engaged in unethical behavior.”The word “unethical” encompasses a wide range of actions that don’t clearly harm a specific individual, the way an assault and battery would, but confer unfair advantages or gains, as an identity theft or embezzlement would. Actions that offer psychological rewards like gaining greater autonomy and influence by deceiving and manipulating others, through con games or influence peddling, for example, fall into this category, as do actions that circumvent rules designed to limit behavior, like cheating on taxes or exams, or actions that involve complex intellectual challenges, such as computer hacking.The goal of the research was to understand whether those anecdotal positive feelings were real and, if they were, under what circumstances they were likely to be triggered.The researchers conducted six studies, first asking participants to predict whether they would feel good or bad after acting unethically. As expected, most participants predicted they would feel bad. But in subsequent studies, when given the opportunity to earn more money by cheating on a quiz, people did so in large numbers and reported feeling good afterward. Even when there was no money at stake, 68 percent still cheated at least once, a sign that the “cheater’s high” is not driven by a financial payoff, the researchers found.Gino called it “a worrisome finding” that so many people cheated for no reason other than thrill-seeking, given the variety of ways and frequent opportunities people have to behave unethically when there doesn’t appear to be an obvious victim.“Academic cheating is like that, where students cheat on a test or they steal materials from the library [because] it’s unclear who is suffering the consequences of the actions,” she said. “Unfortunately, that’s an area where our research might be particularly relevant.”Not only do cheaters feel good about pulling a fast one, they cheat more frequently when they know they’re not alone, the research suggests.“When you see or learn about others’ unethical behavior, you’re more likely to engage in unethical behavior yourself. And in fact, the more you feel psychologically connected or similar to the people who are cheating, then the more likely you are to cheat yourself,” said Gino, who noted that it can only take knowing one other cheater for a person to begin a downward moral spiral.Gino said the researchers hope their findings eventually lead to a better understanding of why people cheat, and help identify better ways to tamp down those raw impulses.“I think that’s where we’re trying to move in our research. Whether organizations or schools or any other institutions, how is it that they can build a culture such that people refrain from cheating to start with, and would a code of ethics be enough?” she asked. “Or if in fact people do end up cheating, will they feel guilt rather than a boost in positive affect if there was a particular culture that talked about the importance of behaving morally?”
Unai Emery explains Arsenal team selection v Tottenham after benching Mesut Ozil and Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang Unai Emery arrives at Wembley ahead of Arsenal’s clash with Tottenham (Picture: Getty)Unai Emery has explained his Arsenal team selection for the north London derby against Tottenham after benching Mesut Ozil and Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang.Ozil played a starring role in the 5-1 victory over Southampton on Wednesday but drops to the bench for Arsenal’s trip to Wembley today.Arsenal top goalscorer Aubameyang joins Ozil on the bench, with Emery opting to start Alexandre Lacazette up front.Asked about his team selection before the game, Emery said: ‘[We want to] play with fresh players, energy, high energy.ADVERTISEMENTMore: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘After our quality can start or be on the bench because in 90 minutes you play small matches.AdvertisementAdvertisement‘We need all the players with big motivation to play. We are in a good way and today is a big challenge.’Tottenham are without Harry Winks but Mauricio Pochettino says the midfielder’s injury is not a ‘big issue’.‘We trust our squad and it’s a massive opportunity for Victor Wanyama,’ the Spurs boss said. Metro Sport ReporterSaturday 2 Mar 2019 12:05 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link370Shares Advertisement Comment Mesut Ozil will start from the bench (Picture: Getty)‘We are disappointed for Winks but hope for the next few games he will be available. It isn’t a big issue.’Tottenham were mooted as Premier League title contenders last month but lost successive games to fall nine points adrift of leaders Liverpool.If Arsenal win today, they will move to within one point of their north London rivals.Goalkeeper Bernd Leno, speaking at Wembley, said: ‘I’m not sure if there’s a good or bad time to play against Spurs because this game is always special.’More: FootballBruno Fernandes responds to Man Utd bust-up rumours with Ole Gunnar SolskjaerNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira moves Advertisement
Press Release, Public Safety Penn Run, PA – Governor Tom Wolf today visited with 39 campers at Indiana County Pennsylvania State Police Camp Cadet held at Camp Seph Mack in Penn Run. The week-long camp introduces girls and boys age 12-15 to the diverse criminal justice system and helps to establish a positive relationship with law enforcement personnel.“The campers at the state police Camp Cadet today were having an incredible experience investigating a mock crime scene and doing team-building exercises with Pennsylvania National Guard members,” Gov. Wolf said. “I was really excited to join them for part of their day and share some of their experience. I believe they all learned a lot and will really benefit from the experience. I know I did.”Gov. Wolf was met by Pennsylvania State Police Troop A commanders and the campers who put on a marching demonstration for the governor. The governor then participated in the Indiana County coroner-led mock crime scene investigation where campers located evidence and clues and formulated theories to help solve a crime.Later in the tour, the governor watched as campers participated in team-building exercises and an obstacle course under the direction of the Pennsylvania National Guard. Last, the governor visited the camp’s overnight campsite with more camp participants.The Camp Cadet program was formed in 1970 by Pennsylvania State Trooper (Ret.) Albert R. Vish. For more than 40 years his idea has provided the inspiration for the establishment of other Camp Cadet Programs across Pennsylvania. Now, Camp Cadet programs are established in 30 Pennsylvania counties.“Troopers look forward to Camp Cadet each summer because it allows us to interact with young people in an enjoyable, active setting and helps build positive relationships between law enforcement and the communities we serve,” said Captain Jeffrey Fisher, commanding officer of Troop A. “Thanks to a dedicated group of volunteers and tremendous community support, we are able to provide our cadets a week where they can begin to learn about a career in law enforcement while also having a lot of fun.”Camp Cadet is staffed by Pennsylvania State Troopers and other volunteers, is open to all youth and structured similarly to training at the Pennsylvania State Police Academy. All participants who attend Camp Cadet are addressed as “Cadet” during the week. Cadets are required to participate in all scheduled events, which a focus on discipline, self-esteem, physical fitness, teamwork, drug and alcohol education, violence prevention, and many other issues facing today’s youth. Cadets work together throughout the week to complete individual and team-oriented tasks.“Thank you to the Pennsylvania State Police, the Indiana County coroner’s office, the Pennsylvania National Guard and the many volunteers who make Camp Cadet a reality,” Gov. Wolf said. “This dedicated group is helping these young campers learn many valuable lessons, forming lasting life lessons, memories and friendships.” Gov. Wolf Visits Campers at Indiana County State Police Camp Cadet SHARE Email Facebook Twitter August 09, 2019
Yesterday, Baylon filed a string ofcharges against Baylen – direct assault, trespass to dwelling and physicalinjury. Police Major Jess Baylon surrenderedto the Cabatuan police station after shooting Dennis Baylen, 27. ILOILO City – The chief of Malay,Aklan’s police station was jailed for shooting the nephew of his wife inBarangay Tinio-an, Cabatuan, Iloilo on Tuesday night. Moments later Baylen returned andpelted Baylon’s house with stones. “What I did was only to protect myfamily. Take note that the incident happened inside my compound. I took a leaveof absence to be with my son on his birthday. Dennis interrupted ourcelebration,” said Baylon./PN The police officer said he stoppedBaylen and told him to go home; on the other hand, he decided to let the uncleinside his house. The shooting happened at around 10p.m. A stone hit Baylon’s wife unconscious. After shooting Baylen, Baylon alertedthe Cabatuan police and surrendered. He also gave up his service firearm. Baylen, on the other hand, filed anattempted homicide complaint against Baylon. “I did not have the intention to killhim. I only wanted to neutralize him,” said Baylon. He said Baylen was unruly, armed withstones and a bottle and tried to harm his (Baylon) family. Prior to it, Baylon said, a drunkenBaylen mauled an uncle, Lambert Baylen, in front of his (Baylon’s) house. The unruly Baylen tried to enter thehouse thus, Baylon said, he shot the suspect on both legs.