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Indian Ocean: HMS Sutherland to Banish Pirates

first_imgRoyal Marines aboard HMS Sutherland have been honing their pirate take-down skills by ‘rapid roping’ from the frigate’s helicopter in the middle of the Indian Ocean. Despite punishing temperatures– at least mid-30s Celsius by day – the Fighting Clan continues the struggle against international terrorism and the drugs trade.The swords come courtesy of the Royal Marines (well daggers and rifles).The sorcery is provided by Warlock – callsign for HMS Sutherland’s Merlin (yes, we know Merlin’s a wizard, not a warlock…).On a sweltering day in the Indian Ocean in high summer, Royal Marines commandos donned full combat gear to practice rapid boarding from the frigate’s helicopter, first over the (comparatively) spacious flight deck……and then, for greater realism, the green berets swooped down on to the small amount of deck between Sutherland’s main 4.5in gun and her Seawolf missile silo – a matter of a few square feet.The reason? Well, pirate and smuggler dhows aren’t renowned for sweeping expanses of unobstructed deck, let alone a flight deck to set down a ten-ton naval helicopter.When not inspecting vessels for real – or carrying out reassurance visits to lawful mariners to explain the international security mission in the Indian Ocean – the combined boarding team of green berets from 43 Commando Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines at Faslane (the Navy’s specialists in board and search) and the frigate’s own boarding team drawn from her ship’s company, which works hand-in-hand with the Royals, have been on the water and in the air to ensure their skills never fade.The Merlin is rapidly becoming the aircraft of choice in the RN’s ongoing struggle to help drive pirates, terrorists, smugglers and people traffickers from 2.5 million square miles of sea from the shores of the Seychelles and east Africa to the Gulf and the Indian sub-continent.It’s as fast (if not faster) than a Lynx – a cruising speed of 150kts (167mph) – has a greater range than the smaller Fleet Air Arm helicopter (450 nautical miles to 320), has no trouble accommodating a Royal Marines rapid roping assault team, or a sniper team, or a WESCAM infra-optic camera which can see through clouds. Plus the aircrew can track numerous surface targets thanks to its impressive sensor suite.Which is exactly why sister Merlins from 814 Naval Air Squadron have been in the air daily off Weymouth during Operation Olympics to keep track on movements in the Channel near the Games’ sailing events.But back to the Indian Ocean, assisting the ship’s flight – from 829 Naval Air Squadron based at Culdrose in Cornwall – were the flight deck team, joined by the Fighting Clan’s ‘bish’, Chaplain Bill Gates (not that one) who was treated to the full effect of Warlock’s downwash – which is much stronger than any other helicopter in the Fleet Air Arm’s inventory.Sutherland and Warlock are in the early stages of their maritime security deployment, working alongside friendly nations and navies to patrol the Indian Ocean/east of Suez region.They’re due back home just before Christmas.[mappress]Naval Today Staff, August 22, 2012; Image: Royal Navy View post tag: Naval Indian Ocean: HMS Sutherland to Banish Pirates View post tag: HMS View post tag: Banish August 22, 2012 View post tag: Piratescenter_img Back to overview,Home naval-today Indian Ocean: HMS Sutherland to Banish Pirates View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Navy View post tag: Sutherland Share this articlelast_img read more

Mexican Navy welcomes new POLA-class vessel

first_img View post tag: ARM Reformador View post tag: Mexican Navy navaltoday February 10, 2020, by Mexican Navy welcomes new POLA-class vessel View post tag: Damen Share this article View post tag: POLA Vessels Back to overview,Home naval-today Mexican Navy welcomes new POLA-class vessel Dutch shipbuilder Damen has delivered the long-range ocean patrol (Patrulla Oceánica de Largo Alcance – POLA) class vessel, ARM Reformador, to the Mexican Navy.A ceremony marking final acceptance and delivery of the newbuild has been held by the Secretariat of the Navy of Mexico (SEMAR).Speaking at the ceremony, Admiral José Rafael Ojeda Durán, the High Command of the Navy of Mexico, said:“Today, the Secretariat of the Navy of Mexico (SEMAR) has the great honor to see the culmination of one of its most important naval projects in modern history. This long range ocean patrol vessel has completed its commissioning and trial phase to begin a life at sea in the service of the Mexicans…”“This is a vessel built in Mexico, for the Mexicans and by the Mexicans. We are proud to have this vessel finished with a significant footprint in the Southeastern region of Mexico and Isthmus of Tehuantepec,” Horacio Delgado, President of Damen Shipyards Mexico, pointed out.The POLA 101 is described as the most technologically advanced vessel in Latin America and will allow the Mexican Navy to carry out missions such as safeguarding Mexican sovereignty, international security cooperation, law enforcement, long range search and rescue operations and humanitarian aid.POLA will allow the United Mexican States to increase the surveillance coverage and the protection of their maritime interests beyond the 5 million square kilometers of Mexican jurisdictional waters.The 107-meter-long vessel is based on Damen’s SIGMA Frigate 10514 and is the tenth of its kind.For the Mexican project, two out of the six modules were built at Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding (DSNS) in the Netherlands. A Mexican team has been based in the Netherlands to supervise this process and to receive an intensive knowledge transfer. The remaining four modules were built at ASTIMAR 20 in Salina Cruz by the Mexican production team, subcontractors and suppliers. Upon completion, the six different modules were brought together for final assembly, integration, commissioning and trials with assistance from Damen, including an intensive transfer of technology and training program.Related:Mexican Navy launches ARM ReformadorMexican Navy’s POLA-class ARM Reformador aces sea trialslast_img read more

Turbo Systems

first_imgBaking Solutions has recently purchased a complete muffin-processing unit worth £100,000 from depositing specialist Turbo Systems (Hull, North Humberside).The Oxfordshire bakery company required a new injection system to meet increased demand, after winning a major contract to supply muffins to over 300 outlets across the UK.The muffin range includes blueberry, chocolate chip and lemon flavours.Baking Solutions’ special projects manager Andy Bastable, says: “The muffin line is now working up to its full capacity and its performance is excellent. It’s very compact and therefore frees up factory floor space. The throughputs are very high and the back up service and traininglast_img read more

Unifine pastes in fruit

first_imgUnifine has focused on fruits rich in antioxidants as well as flavour for its new Flavouring Paste, made from concentrated superfruit juices, fruit pulp, flavours and pieces. It contains cranberries, elderberries, pomegranate, strawberries and apple concentrate. Its new Superfruit Compound can be used to flavour products such as mousses, ganaches, ice-cream and baked cakes. It can also add a hint of pink colouring to glazes, fondants and toppings, for example.Unifine said its high viscosity makes it easier to cut and handle, as well as using fruits popular for their nutritional benefits. The compound is available in 1kg pots and has a shelf-life of 24 months.The ingredients firm has also launched a new Premix Chocolate Fondant, to be used in indulgent desserts. The premix is blended with 300g of chocolate shavings, butter and water, and then stirred for one minute before being placed in dariole moulds and individual pots. It needs to be baked in the oven for around 12 minutes at 210?C, and can be served on a dish with a dollop of cream and dusting of icing sugar. It can also be used in baked goods or frozen desserts. It is available in 2×2.5kg bags with a 12-month shelf-life.’’’’last_img read more

Lotus To Release First-Ever Concert Film Next Week Of Red Rocks 2014 Talking Heads Tribute

first_imgFans have been eagerly awaiting Lotus’ latest project, the release of their first-ever full-length concert film, which is due out on Monday, September 4th. The concert film captures the jamtronica act’s performance at the iconic Red Rocks Amphitheater in Morrison, Colorado, back on September 19th, 2014. That show was particularly special, as it saw guest vocalist Gabe Otto of Denver group Pan Astral join the group for a special “Talking Heads Deconstructed” set, featuring Talking Heads classics reimagined in Lotus’ signature style.As bassist Jesse Miller noted in a press release, “The origins of this show start earlier in 2014 when we were approached by a festival to put together a special set. After a few different ideas, we landed on the Talking Heads Deconstructed idea; mixing in our styles and melodies. I was little bit wary of the idea initially because the Talking Heads are covered by so many bands in our scene. But, when it all came together, I thought we were able to give these covers a unique spin that really made these songs feel like our own.”After an unexpected three-year-long process to secure the licensing rights to use the Talking Heads’ songs in their film, Lotus has finally pulled it off and is getting ready to share their film debut with the world. Live at Red Rocks, September 19, 2014 is due out Monday, September 4th, with pre-orders available on the group’s website. Upcoming Lotus Tour DatesSeptember 1-3 – Garrettsville, OH, – Summerdance at Nelson Ledges Quarry Park [Lotus headlines all three nights!]September 8-10 – Minot, ME – Great North: Music & Arts Festival 2017 [Lotus performs 4 sets over 2 nights]September 15 – Boulder, CO – Boulder Theater [tix exclusively available as two show package with 9/16 Red Rocks]September 16 – Morrison, CO – Red Rocks Amphitheatre w/ Com Truise, Nosaj ThingSeptember 23 – Philadelphia, PA – Skyline Stage @ the Mann w/ Beats AntiqueOctober 19-20 – So. Burlington, VT – Higher Ground w/ The Main SqueezeOctober 21 – Boston, MA – House of Blues Boston w/ The Main SqueezeOctober 27-28 – Richmond, VA – The NationalNovember 3-4 – Brooklyn, NY – Brooklyn Bowl w/ Square Peg Round HoleDecember 1-5 – Punta Cana, DR – Dominican Holidaze [Lotus performs Sat 12/02 at 6:30pm]January 17-22 – Departing from Miami, FL – Jam Cruise 16last_img read more

An idea that changed the world

first_imgThe Russian Revolution of 1917 was called the “Ten Days That Shook the World,” the title of a book by foreign correspondent Jack Reed, Class of 1910.But how about the one day in Russia that shook the world, and still does? That was Jan. 23, 1913, a century ago this week. Mathematician Andrey A. Markov delivered a lecture that day to the Imperial Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg on a computational technique now called the Markov chain.Little noticed in its day, his idea for modeling probability is fundamental to all of present-day science, statistics, and scientific computing. Any attempt to simulate probable events based on vast amounts of data — the weather, a Google search, the behavior of liquids — relies on Markov’s idea.His lecture went on to engender a series of concepts, called Markov chains and Markov proposals, that calculate likely outcomes in complex systems. His technique is still evolving and expanding. “This is a growth industry,” said Boston-area science writer Brian Hayes. “You really can’t turn around in the sciences without running into some kind of Markov process.”Hayes writes the “Computing Science” column for American Scientist magazine and delivered one of three lectures about Markov on Wednesday. The session at the Maxwell-Dworkin building, “100 Years of Markov Chains,” was the first of three symposia this week in ComputeFest 2013, sponsored by the Institute for Applied Computational Science at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS).There are close to 200 lectures, classes, performances, and workshops during Harvard’s Wintersession this January, a quickly evolving tradition of freewheeling intellectual stimulation between semesters. But only one event celebrated the centenary of a landmark idea.Before Markov, said Hayes, the theory of probability involved observing a series of events that were independent of each another. The classic example is flipping a coin, an activity that makes probability easy to calculate.Markov added the idea of interdependence to probability, the notion that what happens next is linked to what is happening now. That creates what Hayes called a “chain of linked events,” and not just a series of independent acts. The world, Markov posited, is not just a series of random events. It is a complex thing, and mathematics can help reveal its hidden interconnectedness and likely probabilities. “Not everything,” Hayes told an audience of 100, “works the way coin flipping does.”In an article on Markov that will appear in the next issue of American Scientist, Hayes contrasts the probabilistic simplicity of coin flipping with the complexity of the board game “Monopoly.” Moves rely on a roll of the dice, but where the player ends up — Park Place? Jail? — also depends on where the player begins. Suddenly, probability (where you end up) is linked to a present state (where you start). Events are linked, not independent. That’s a Markov chain.A “Monopoly” board has 40 possible “states,” the same as the number of squares. But Markov chains now are vastly larger. Google’s PageRank search algorithm, for instance, has as many states as there are pages on the Web, perhaps 40 billion.Markov was abrasive, confrontational, and iconoclastic, “Andrew the Furious,” one contemporary called him. He was also inclined to look at things in purely mathematical terms. But in his 1913 lecture, he introduced his technique by analyzing the frequency of vowels and consonants in a work of literature. (Markov used the first 20,000 letters of Alexander Pushkin’s 1833 verse novel “Eugene Onegin,” a work that almost every Russian knew).Such numerical analysis “is about the most primitive and superficial thing you can do to a poem,” said Hayes. But it proved what Markov wanted: that letters in language are interdependent, and that over time they converge into stable patterns. These patterns of behavior in a complex system are at the bottom of what modern scientists want — a simulation of what reality is, whether on the level of a cell or on the level of the entire Web.Markov’s work is a core abstraction needed for modeling probability today, said Harvard’s Ryan Prescott Adams in a second lecture, and in turn that kind of modeling is “fundamentally important for reasoning about the world. The world is a big, noisy place,” he said, and “the calculus of probabilities provides us with the required tools for reasoning under uncertainty.”So probability is a lens for inferring hard-to-see realities in complex natural systems. Adams, an assistant professor of computer science who leads the Harvard Intelligent Probabilistic Systems group, provided a few examples from his own research collaborations with colleagues in other disciplines: cell deformities that may help infer cancer in cells; simulations that predict photovoltaic efficiency; and ways to predict (model) mortality in patients hospitalized in intensive care units. The idea behind this Markov-style modeling, he said, is to “connect noisy and incomplete observations with the hidden quantities we wish to discover.”Science owes a lot to Markov, said Pavlos Protopapas, who rounded out the event with insights from a practitioner. Protopapas is a research scientist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Like Adams, he teaches a course touching on Markov chains. He examined Markov influences in astronomy, biology, cosmology, and meteorology.Rosalind Reid, executive director of the Institute for Applied Computational Science, had the last words. “Cranky as he was,” she said, “Markov would be very pleased to hear all this.”last_img read more

Human Immunomics Initiative will work on decoding immune system

first_img Read Full Story The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the Human Vaccines Project announced the Human Immunomics Initiative (HII) this week, a joint project that aims to revolutionize the understanding of the human immune system and accelerate the creation of effective vaccines, diagnostics, and treatments.HII will bring together Chan School experts in epidemiology, causal inference, immunology, and computational and systems biology with the resources and expertise of the Human Vaccines Project, a global, nonprofit, human immunology-based clinical research consortium. HII will develop artificial intelligence-powered models of immunity that can be used to accelerate the design and testing of vaccines and therapeutics for a wide range of diseases.Vaccine development has again entered the global spotlight as the world waits for a COVID-19 vaccine. With advances in computing and artificial intelligence, genomics, systems biology, and bioinformatics, HII aims to decode the underlying mechanisms and rules of how the human immune system fights disease. HII will specifically focus on determining the principles of effective immunity in aging populations, the world’s largest growing demographic that has an immense disease burden and high morbidity and mortality in the current COVID-19 pandemic.“Successful vaccination requires four components — knowing the vaccine target, what kind of immune response you want, how to generate that response, and understanding responses in the people who you want to vaccinate,” said Sarah Fortune, chair of Harvard Chan’s Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases. “We understand a lot about the first two elements and very little about the last two. But by addressing these critical knowledge gaps, we envision a day when there are modular blueprints for successful vaccines that speed the process and increase likelihood of success.”The insights gained through HII will pave the way for artificial intelligence-powered models that allow researchers to virtually test potential vaccines, and predict what vaccines and therapies might work best across populations. This could massively speed up vaccine and drug development, and lower costs spent on testing and trials.“The way we fight disease is broken — we launch into disease-specific battles without understanding the rules that affect our chances of success,” said Michelle A. Williams, Dean of Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. “The Human Vaccines Project set out to change that by decoding the human immunome, and we are already seeing initial findings from their tremendous work.”HII will combine new testing techniques with advanced biological and computational science to model immunity across populations. The pilot phase of the initiative will examine how immunity changes with age, and how to predict or improve immune responses among aging adults.“Decline or dysfunction of the immune system among people age 70 and older is a major public health issue as the global population ages. We are seeing this acutely now with COVID-19, which is mostly spread by younger people, but which older people die from at much higher rates,” said Jaap Goudsmit, adjunct professor of epidemiology and infectious diseases at Harvard Chan School and chief scientific officer of the Human Vaccines Project.“The world’s population is aging at unprecedented rates, significantly increasing the burden of non-communicable diseases and vulnerability to infectious diseases, as evidenced by the current COVID-19 pandemic,” added Wayne C. Koff, president and CEO of the Human Vaccines Project. “The complexity of the human immune system has confounded efforts to prevent and control diseases in aging populations, and this collaboration will marry expansive data collection through clinical research with new technologies and cutting-edge science to catalyze new approaches to fighting major global diseases.”last_img read more

Data Lake: Platform for Business Transformation

first_imgWhen we engage with clients to help them identify where and how to leverage big data for business value, we frequently use the Big Data Business Model Maturity Index (BDBM). This helps organizations understand how effective they are at leveraging data and analytics to power their value creation processes.Big Data Business Model Maturity IndexApplying the BDBM can help an organization identify how it should enact changes to people, processes, and technologies to enable the creation of analytic insight that drives its top-level strategic initiatives.  Organizations that adopt this approach can utilize advanced analytics to couple new sources of customer, product and operational data, optimizing key business processes and uncovering new monetization opportunities.However from an IT perspective, what does this look like?  The traditional data warehouse just can’t support these new data and analytic capabilities.Well, the time is right for organizations to embrace a data lake as the data management platform for advanced analytics and predictive insight. A data lake not only provides a repository for the collection of all sorts of structured and unstructured data, both internal as well as external to the organization, but it also enables data science teams to self-provision an analytic sandbox where they can rapidly ingest new data sources, ascertain their value and uncover new, more accurate predictors of business performance.Modern Data Lake ArchitectureThe data science team needs an environment where they can quickly test new data sources and analytics models without having to go through the laborious, multi-month data warehouse integration process.And once the data is loaded into a data lake, think “load once and analyze multiple times” – across multiple analytic use cases.Mapping Data Sources to Analytic Use CasesThe above chart maps the data sources – and the relative value of those data sources – to the analytic use cases in order to prioritize the data loading roadmap.A data lake also provides a benefit to organizations that are looking to free up expensive data warehousing resources by offloading the ETL processes.  This allows those processes to take advantage of the inexpensive, scale-out, natively parallel Hadoop environment.And ultimately who knows how the data warehouse might be transformed as technologies such as HAWQ deliver more of the value of SQL and Business Intelligence (reports and dashboards) to the Hadoop data lake environment.With these systems in place, organizations can efficiently store and analyze their data to surface the insights that help them monetize data opportunities. These advancements through the phases of the BDBM enable the metamorphosis into a truly data-driven business.As more and more organizations embrace the data lake approach, I couldn’t be more excited to watch the results.last_img read more

SMC presents Four-Year Promise

first_imgOn April 2, Saint Mary’s announced the Four-Year Promise, which guarantees students will either graduate in four years or the College will pay for their extra courses. Students must follow certain guidelines to be eligible for the promise, which will start with the incoming class of 2017, College President Carol Ann Mooney said. “This isn’t a recruitment strategy for us or a new initiative on campus,” Mooney said. “Our students have always worked closely with their advisers and professors to stay on track and achieve their goals. We offer the courses they need, when they need them, led by exceptional faculty who are dedicated to teaching.” Mona Bowe, vice president for enrollment engagement, said 93 percent of all students graduate within the four years already. “This promise is really just putting our money where our mouth is,” Bowe said. Bowe said the major guidelines for this promise include maintaining good academic standing, registering for courses at the assigned times, completing an average of 32 semester hours each year and being accepted into a major by the end of spring semester of sophomore year. “These are things that our students are already doing,” Bowe said. In this time of economic hardship, Bowe said the College would like future students and their families to know the College cares about their investment. “We want people to know that we know how huge of an investment a college education is,” Bowe said. Professor of communications Colleen Fitzpatrick said more and more research has been done on the expense of a college education. “If you look at the research, more and more quality degrees are taking more than four years to finish,” Fitzpatrick said. “Those extra years are lost money.” Bowe said the College has already received positive feedback on the new promise. “Other colleges referred to this new program as a contract,” Bowe said. “We wanted to call it a promise and we have received very positive feedback about this new promise. I gave a presentation in Grand Rapids a couple of weeks ago and the parents of incoming freshman were more than excited to hear about this guarantee.” Contact Kaitlyn Rabach at [email protected]last_img read more

Rock’s Greatest Replacement

first_imgGuitar Hero: With free time during Widespread Panic’s hiatus, Herring recently released a solo album.Jimmy Herring goes soloJimmy Herring has been asked to fill some big rock ‘n’ roll shoes. In addition to a half-year stint in the Allman Brothers Band following the departure of Dickey Betts, he’s played lead guitar for some notable Grateful Dead spinoffs, including The Dead and Phil Lesh and Friends, which found him reinterpreting the licks of Jerry Garcia. These days Herring is a full-time member of Widespread Panic—a role established following the untimely death of the band’s guitarist Michael Houser.With Panic mostly off the road this year, Herring took the opportunity to release a new solo album, Subject to Change Without Notice. Backed by a band of ace players from his Atlanta hometown, Herring uses the instrumental effort to deliver his fluid style through a range of genres from country rock jams to the spacey free jazz he explored two decades ago in his first notable band the Aquarium Rescue Unit. Ahead of a tour through the South this month that includes multiple stops in North Carolina and Virginia, Herring chatted with BRO by phone.BRO: You’re known for your work with well-established rock bands. When it comes to your solo work, what informs the various directions you take the music? JH: It comes from liking music from different places and cultures. For me, blues is the root of everything and from there my interests have grown to include a lot of jazz and funk, which is definitely heard a lot on this album. I cover the spectrum of American roots music that I listened to growing up, but the band and I also like to incorporate elements of Indian music and other sounds from abroad.On your new album you cover George Harrison’s “Within You Without You.” What makes you decide to interpret a lyrical song as an instrumental? To me, the human voice is the greatest instrument of all. But I don’t posses the ability to sing, so I try to do it with the guitar. If I am going to do a vocal tune, what grabs me is the melody. That song has such a strong melody, so when we’re playing it, I’m hearing the words and they’re coloring the way I play it in an instrumental situation.Jeff Beck is a master of playing vocal tunes on the guitar, and he’s a big influence. I also hang out with Derek Trucks, who plays guitar like a gospel singer. Hearing guys like that has also rubbed off on me.Some of the album hints back at the free jazz elements from your days in Col. Bruce Hampton and the Aquarium Rescue Unit, a band many feel broke up before reaching its potential. How pivotal was that group in your development as a player? My musical journey has been a little bit backwards. Guitarists generally grow up learning the fundamentals and how to serve songs appropriately. Usually you learn the rules before you break them. Bruce’s band was my first real band experience, and his philosophy is more about being in the moment. He’s really into Miles Davis and Ornette Coleman. The focus was on improvisation and changing the way things were played from night to night. It forced me to become fearless in my playing—not afraid to make a mistake.After my time in the Aquarium Rescue Unit I started getting calls from bands that wanted me to play more structured songs. In many ways I went from the avant-garde back to things that were more basic. It wasn’t always easy and not a path I would necessarily recommend to new players.You’ve been asked to fill some big shoes on the guitar. Who are your heroes on the instrument? My older brother had a tremendous record collection, so Jimi Hendrix and the Allman Brothers were in my DNA growing up. He also had a bunch of old blues stuff: Otis Rush, Albert King, and Freddie King. It was destiny for my brother to be my biggest influence.When the Allman Brothers called me, I didn’t believe it at first. The sound was already in my subconscious, but the struggle I had there was always thinking I was playing inappropriate things. The guitar sounds of Dickey Betts and Duane Allman are very distinct, so stepping out of that kingdom can send a song into another place that’s not in the expected style. I worried my vocabulary in free jazz wouldn’t sound right or I’d try to do too much. I admit that sometimes I play too many notes. I’m a long-winded person when I’m talking and playing.Since you’re now six years in with Widespread Panic, how have you settled in a permanent role with the band? The same struggles sometimes exist that I found in the Allman Brothers, but it’s a little different than playing with icons you’ve idolized since you were 14. Whenever you join a band that’s cultivated an established sound, you have to tip your hat to it. The difference in Panic is that the band members are my friends and my peers. I’ve known them since the late ‘80s; they used to bring Aquarium Rescue Unit out on the road and let us sleep on their hotel room floors. In the past six years the band dynamic has become a lot more fluid. They’ve never put any expectations on me, but I’m still always trying to make the right decisions for the music when we’re in the moment.  Fortunately I’ve only been encouraged to play my way. •last_img read more