Amanda Harrison: “I don’t see myself as inspirational. I’m just a normal woman who has never given up.”Credit:Simon Williams/Solo2Darwin Her gruelling flight will take her 9,497 nautical miles across 20 countries, along a similar route to that undertaken by Johnson almost 90 years ago. The only deviations are those forced on her by the need to avoid conflict zones such as Syria and Iraq.In many of the countries where Ms Harrison will stop to rest and refuel women pilots or aircraft engineers are still a rarity and she hopes her arrival will inspire others to follow in her and Johnson’s footsteps.Ms Harrison, who is raising money for her adventure through a Go Fund Me page and local sponsorship, wants to encourage more women to take up jobs in science, technology and engineering, as well as showing that dyslexia sufferers they do not have to be held back by their condition.“Amy Johnson was the first British woman aeronautical engineer, as well as a pilot. She also had health problems and her sister killed herself. But she still went on to achieve, no matter what the obstacles,” she said.Johnson’s trip to Australia was the first of several record breaking flights undertaken by the Hull-born pilot, before her death in disputed circumstances in the Thames Estuary.These included a solo flight from London to Cape Town in 1932, in which she broke her new husband Jim Mollison’s own record. Amanda Harrison, preparing for her solo flight from London to DarwinCredit:Solo2Darwin Amy Johnson, who became a national heroine in 1930 when she flew single-handed from London to Australia Credit:PA When Amy Johnson became the first woman to fly solo from Britain to Australia in May 1930 she blazed a trail for future generations.Now that landmark flight from Croydon to Darwin is to be recreated by a daring British woman in the hope of inspiring others to similar achievements.Amanda Harrison, who overcame severe childhood dyslexia to become a commercial airline pilot, says she wants to show that – like Johnson in her day – women can achieve whatever they want, despite the obstacles that continue to be placed in their path.The 46-year-old from Bromley will set off next month in a vintage de Havilland DH82a Tiger Moth, similar to the open cockpit Gypsy Moth flown by Johnson. Johnson was killed in January 1941 when she reportedly ran out of fuel and bailed out near Herne Bay, after going off course in terrible weather conditions while transporting a plane from Prestwick, in Scotland, to RAF Kidlington, near Oxford.There has since been continued speculation as to the circumstances of her death, with some claiming her aircraft was shot down by friendly fire from British anti-aircraft guns.Ms Harrison narrowly avoided disaster herself, after she took her 1942 built Tiger Moth, which she had just bought after saving up £70,000, for a check over. The plane has a smaller fuel capacity than the Gypsy Moth, which means Ms Harrison will need to stop more frequently and is aiming to reach Darwin in 32 days rather than the 19 achieved by her predecessor.But if she succeeds she will become the first woman to fly solo to Australia in a Moth biplane since the 1930s.Ms Harrison, whose day job involves flying VIPs on private charter flights around the world, told The Telegraph: “Unlike many of the pioneer fliers of the 1920s and 30s, Amy Johnson wasn’t born into money and had to work for a living and pay her own way. It wasn’t all laid out for her. “But she showed that through perseverance and determination ordinary women could do these things. So if she could do it then I can do it now and so can others.”Ms Harrison’s undertaking is all the more remarkable because in November 2017 she was diagnosed with breast cancer.It took months of major surgery and treatment before she could return to the skies and now she wants to use her flight to inspire other cancer survivors.“Women still seem to have more obstacles put in front of them and we need to encourage women to go for what they dream,” said Ms Harrison, adding: “I don’t see myself as inspirational. I’m just a normal woman who has never given up.” Amanda Harrison and her vintage de Havilland DH82a Tiger MothCredit:Solo2Darwin Engineers at the Aircraft Restoration Company at Duxford discovered that despite having all the correct paperwork the plane’s wings were no longer bolted on properly and in all likelihood would not have survived the long flight she had been planning.“My father was an engineer who inspired me to take up flying because of his love of building remote control planes,” she said. “So it’s fitting that I owe my life to the engineers who spotted what was wrong.” Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
Knife-related injuries among under-25s fell by 15 per cent, equating to 311 fewer victims, dropping from 2,079 to 1,768.Stop and searches rose by 30 per cent to 172,000 , of which 9,500 were section 60 emergency stop and searches where police suspend the requirement to have reasonable suspicion to search suspects in a designated area. Elaine Thomas, from the Mentoring Lab, a locally based youth project, said: “This is terror on the streets because of how we are left to feel. There are so many parents who don’t let their children out to play and don’t know what to say to their own children when something like this happens.”Isak Kara , a 55-year-old self employed property developer, added: “I don’t see a lot of police here. A few police cars come and go but there should be more here for our safety.”Members of Tashaun’s family, including his mother and grandfather, gathered outside the police cordon at the scene of the fatal stabbing, with one woman screaming: “It’s my son. It’s my son”.A school friend of the teenager said: “Tashaun produced music on the computer, Afrobeats, for some big artists. He made drill music as well. He was a good guy, always laughing and joking – he was always respectful. In a pre-planned briefing on Thursday Scotland Yard announced that a blitz on violent crime, including a 30 per cent rise in stop and searches, had brought down youth stabbings by 15 per cent and cut murders by a quarter.Over the past 12 months, there were 122 homicides recorded by the Met, with 32 fewer victims than the previous period, not including nine killed in terrorist attacks in 2017. Ms Dick said: “The figures, when they are put in the context of what happened overnight [with the fatal stabbing of the 15 year old] can seem rather bald, and cold and unemotional.“Each young man stabbed is a terrible thing for them, their family, their friends, their community and for the person who did the stabbing it often wrecks their lives as well as their family’s as well.”She added: “Our efforts are beginning to pay dividends in terms of violence. On violence, we have made some real progress.”But retired police Superintendent Leroy Logan, who works with victims of knife crime, said the Met was a long way from regaining control of the situation.Mr Logan, who retired in 2013 after 30 years’ service, told The Telegraph: “It’s not much good talking about an improvement when murders and fatal stabbings are still much higher than they should be. “The Met are nowhere near getting a grip on this. The thin blue line is so thinly stretched and people are still feeling scared. Youngsters are still feeling scared and are carrying knives as a result.”He also questioned the use of borough wide Section 60 orders, such as the one introduced in Hackney following the murder of Tashaun, as lacking focus and not being intelligence-led. Murder scene in HackneyCredit:SWNS Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Two people console each other as they view the crime scene at Somerford Grove, in HackneyCredit:Peter Macdiarmid/LNP Metropolitan Police claims that knife crime in London has fallen prompted criticism yesterday after the stabbing to death of another teenager in the capital.Cressida Dick, the Metropolitan Police Commissioner, yesterday admitted that it seemed “cold and unemotional” to announce the reduction in youth stabbings within hours of a 15-year-old being killed in a knife attack.But she maintained her force was making “good progress” in tackling knife crime.Ms Dick spoke after Tashaun Jones, an aspiring music producer, was stabbed to death after being confronted outside a shop on Wednesday evening.The schoolboy, who produced Drill and Afrobeat music for artists in both London and the Carribean, ran into the store pleading for help before collapsing and dying of his wounds.The Commissioner said the teenager had been with a group of other boys and a girl when there was “some sort of confrontation with another group” in Somerford Grove, Hackney. Tashaun Jones, pictured on FacebookCredit:Facebook “He was really bubbly and always gave away positive energy. I never thought any of my friends would be murdered.”A second boy, aged 16, found in a nearby road, was also stabbed but did not sustain life-threatening injuries.So far this year, more than 40 murder investigations have been launched in the capital by the Metropolitan and British Transport police forces. Twenty-nine of those investigations have been as a result of fatal stabbings.
Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. The number of Chinese students applying to British universities is up 30 per cent on last year, from 15,240 to 19,760. Meanwhile, applications from Northern Ireland are down by 4 per cent, from 19,310 to 18,520.There is huge demand among the growing Chinese middle class for their children to have an English education, while British institutions are rushing to cash in on the higher, international student tuition fees they bring in.Under EU laws, universities must charge European students the same level of fees as their British peers, but non-EU students can be charged at a higher rate. David Palfreyman, director of the Oxford Centre for Higher Education Policy Studies, said: “The growth in Chinese students is a phenomenon that links to the growth of the middle class and more being able to send their children abroad to be educated.“Secondly it wobbles depending on whether Trump has put off Chinese students from applying to American universities”. A study published earlier this year found that a trade war with the US is driving Chinese students to Britain.A fifth (20 per cent) of Chinese students chose the UK as their first choice destination, while 17 per cent opted for America, according to a report by EIC Education, a Chinese education consultancy.The Trump administration has tightened visa requirements for Chinese students, especially those studying science and technology, amid mounting concerns about espionage.Mr Palfreyman said that the reduction in the value of the pound since 2016 is another factor, as it has made British universities seem relatively cheaper for overseas students compared to elsewhere.In total, a record 81, 340 students from outside the EU applied to study in the UK this year, an increase of eight per cent on last year.The volume of international students rose far more steeply than that of EU students, which has increased by one per cent since 2018.Nick Hillman, director of the Higher Education Policy Institute, warned that universities must not become too financially dependent on the fees from overseas students. “It does mean a chunky source of university income is very sensitive to the strength of the political relationship between China and the UK at any given point,” he said. “If we hadn’t, completely stupidly, given up our strong position as a recruiter of Indian students, we would have achieved a better balance.”The figures showed that there although there has been demographic dip in the population of 18-year-olds in the UK in recent years, the proportion of school leavers applying to university has increased from 38.1 per cent last year to 39. 5 per cent in 2019.Chris Skidmore, the universities minister, said: “International students bring huge cultural and economic benefits to the UK. These figures show we are making good progress in our ambition to open up world-leading higher education to anyone who has the potential to benefit from it and I’m confident that we can go even further.”Clare Marchant, chief executive of Ucas, said: “The global appeal of UK higher education has never been clearer, with record, demographic beating application rates in England and Wales, and the steep rise in international applications, especially from China.”
…on East Coast bribeShhhh! What a tangled, knotted web of snarled traffic ANSA McAL wove when they once again practised to deceive!!! Did you see shots of that traffic jam, which stretched from the UG Junction on the East Coast all the way to Vlissengen Road?? And the jam wasn’t just on the four-lane highway; desperate commuters and buses trying to get their passengers into “town” were forced into the surrounding village streets, scaring the dickens out of locals, who had never witnessed such scenes before.It was truly an illustration of “SNAFU”– which came out of endemic mass muddles during the last great war: Situation Normal – All F***ed UP!!! And it kinda summarises the quotidian situation in Guyana nowadays, doesn’t it??But yesterday’s traffic mess was special, not least because there was ABSOLUTELY no reason for it — except an opportunity for corporate bribery, which has come to typify almost every activity of this PNC-led APNU/AFC Administration.By now we all know the reason for the traffic jam: ANSA McAL wanted to erect an “Independence Arch” at the western approach to the city. Why? Well, as is the standard practice in this practice — which in the US is called “lobbying”, ANSA was showing “corporate responsibility” on our upcoming “50+1” Independence celebration. But hold it! Isn’t that on the 26th of the month?? Two weeks away??Well, as another aspect of its “corporate responsibility” — this one a bit broader that a payback to the Guyanese State for getting business, like $300M pharma contracts for $605M!! — it was hosting an event of its parent body in Trinidad THIS weekend at the Marriott. The Anthony N Sabga Caribbean Awards for Excellence, Arts & Letters, Science & Technology, Public & Civic Contributions and Entrepreneurship. Sabga was the founder of ANSA.Well, so who cares about the commuting public on the busiest thoroughfare in Guyana?? Who cares about the loss in productivity of thousands of companies? Who cares that CSEC students missed their exams?? Or UG students? Or folks missing flights? Hey!! ANSA has to show all those folks who came in for its Awards show how solid it is with the Guyanese Government. After all, its local Chairwoman was made Chair of the Board of the Government-owned Marriott!!Your Eyewitness wonders why the shill of the PM – the person in charge of “Public Information” — claimed it was “a local company” that caused the SNAFU, without naming ANSA?? And since when did ANSA stop being a Trini company?? Afraid the public would connect the dots??Hey!! Trotman, his AFC party leader, has already let the cat out of the bag about “political investments”!!!…on Govt “accomplishments”The PM’s shill — otherwise known as “Water Boy”, from when he was shilling for the WICB — wasn’t only in the news for his ANSA SNAFU coverup. He inserted a centerspread in three dailies — skipping this newspaper of course (snivelling Fascist!!) — bigging up “125 achievements” of the Government! It’s a shad, shad situation!! The fella just doesn’t get the first thing about PR.All he did was to remind folks about how far his Government’s fallen away from their promises!! Imagine beginning with “INCREASED SALARIES FOR PUBLIC SERVANTS”!!! Has he forgotten public servants were promised “SUBSTANTIAL RAISES” and the only “raise” they got was their “raised eyebrows” accompanying their howls of protest at the 50% salary raises the Cabinet awarded themselves!!??Next was “lower electricity rates”!! How lower was that after the 14% VAT the Govt imposed??!! Your Eyewitness is reminded of an old Paul Simon song, “50 ways to leave your lover”.The PM’s shill just gave 125 reasons for Govt supporters to dump its sorry a55 come 2020!!…on scholarshipsThe shill also boasted about “886 scholarships” awarded by the Government. We accidentally learnt that two of those scholarships — @ $3.6M each! – were given to sitting Ministers.Now that “mout’ open”, can we have the other names?? Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedMajor traffic jam on East Bank HighwayJune 3, 2019In “latest news”OPINION: EYEWITNESS: Bridge…September 4, 2019In “latest news”Woman reportedly gives birth in ECD traffic jamDecember 1, 2018In “Business”
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedIAC launches annual Christmas Toy DriveNovember 24, 2018In “Entertainment”IAC fetes hundreds of Wales children for ChristmasDecember 17, 2017In “Local News”IAC to commemorate 10th Anniversary of Lusignan MassacreJanuary 25, 2018In “latest news” …donations will go to the less fortunate childrenThe Indian Action Committee (IAC) has launched its annual Christmas Toy Drive for the less fortunate children which will end on Friday, December 15, 2017.The IAC, in partnership with Gafoors Houston Complex, Ashmins Trading, De Sinco Trading and Nirva Distributors, will have one marked box at each location where persons can place toys they wish to donate.IAC Children’s Christmas Party at Virginia Primary School, Cane Grove, East Coast Demerara, as part of its outreach last yearPersons also desirous of making donations, can do so at the IAC office located at 1762 Railway Embankment, Cummings Lodge, East Coast Demerara from 08:00h (8am) to 16:00h (4pm), Monday to Friday, or contact the IAC on tel: 222-5163 for further details.These toys will be distributed at the IAC’s annual Children’s Christmas Party, which will be held on Sunday, December 17, 2017.The IAC, in a statement, noted that during the last decade it has brought joy and happiness to thousands of less fortunate children from all ethnic and religious backgrounds at its Christmas parties. The IAC calls upon donors to give generously towards this worthy cause.
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedEx-GDF Captain ready to proceed with prosecution, further remandedMay 31, 2018In “Court”Interdicted GDF Captain accused of murdering lover further remandedApril 24, 2018In “Court”GDF Captain remanded for murdering loverApril 6, 2018In “Court” …as lawyer seeks independent psychiatric evaluationThe report on the psychiatric evaluation done, by Dr Bhrio Harry, on interdicted Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Captain Orwain Sandy, who is accused of murdering his lover Reona Payne, was today presented in court.City Magistrate, Judy Latchman had ordered a psychiatric evaluation be done.Appearing at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Court on Wednesday before Magistrate Latchman, Prosecutor, Shawn Gonsalves delivered the report to the court.Sandy’s lawyer however, requested more time for an independent psychiatric evaluation be conducted on his client.Accused: Orwain SandyHis request was granted by the Magistrate and as such, the case was adjourned to May 24 with Sandy being further remanded until then.INews had reported that March 31, 2018, Sandy allegedly killed Payne by shooting her about her body 14 times.The couple were in their car proceeding along First Street, Alexander Village when a heated argument reportedly ensued.As such, Payne reportedly exited the vehicle after which Sandy followed, carrying a loaded firearm.He allegedly shot the woman once, resulting in her dropping to the ground, then stood over her and emptied the entire magazine.The Captain then fled the scene and turned himself over at the Ruimveldt Police Station, where he reported the matter.The police were also summoned by residents who heard the gunshots.Following the incident, Sandy was ‘was immediately interdicted from his duties,’ a statement from GDF had said.This online publication understands that Payne and Sandy had been together for quite some time. However, a few years back, the duo split and married different people.After a while, they both reportedly gave up on their marriages and made their way back to each other.
ICMM has revealed two publications available for immediate download, a summary version of ICMM’s Good Practice Guidance on Health Impact Assessment, which provides essential HIA information for mining companies, and a Spanish language version of ICMM’s mapping in country partnerships, which lays the groundwork for Mining: Partnerships for Development. and unveils a solid base of existing partnerships to encourage companies, and others, to replicate and scale up these partnerships across their operations and across mining regions.The Good Practice Guidance on Health Impact Assessment presents the concept of health impact assessment (HIA) and provides an introduction to how mining companies can evaluate the health and well-being effects mining operations have on the local communities in which they operate. It gives an overview of the steps taken during the HIA process, including the integration of environmental and social impact assessments.Mapping in country partnerships highlights the range of multi-stakeholder partnerships that already exist amongst ICMM members. It maps partnerships across the six priority partnership themes of the Mining: Partnerships for Development initiative: poverty reduction; revenue management; regional development planning; local content; social investment; and dispute resolution.
Grindrod, the freight and logistics service provider, through its wholly owned subsidiary Grindrod Mauritius, has announced the opportunity to work with Northwest Rail Co (NWR), to build, operate and maintain a new 590 km cape gauge railway from Chingola in the heart of the Zambian Copperbelt to the Angolan border. These exclusive rights were granted to NWR, a Zambian company, by the Government of Zambia in July 2006. The agreement signed today will enable the parties to conclude the bankable feasibility study which is currently underway. The Copperbelt straddles the border of Northern Zambia and the Southern DRC and is amongst the richest under developed geological regions in Africa. Current production of copper in this area accounts for around 8% of the world’s production, and BMI International forecasts sustained growth in the Zambian copper industry at 5% per annum over the next decade.The railway is to be built in two phases – Phase I extending from Chingola to the Kansanshi, Lumwana and Kalumbila mines (290 km of track), and Phase II to connect with the Benguela line on the Zambian-Angola border near Jimbe. Phase I is intended to service existing ore and finished copper traffic, and Phase II is intended to open up a direct corridor to Lobito which would allow landlocked Zambia to import oil directly from Angola, and to stimulate further mining activity in the Western Copperbelt region.The estimated capital cost of Phase 1 is $489 million while Phase 2 of the NWR project is estimated to cost $500 million. KPMG’s Infrastructure and Major Projects team has successfully developed the project with NWR over the last 12 months and have facilitated the closure of the deal.Subject to the conclusion of the Phase 1 bankability feasibility study, construction is expected to commence during 2014. “I have been developing this project for a number of years and the synergies with Grindrod’s Rail businesses, makes Grindrod an ideal partner in the joint venture and means we will be able to bring this project to being in the shortest possible time”, said Honourable Enoch Kavindele, a former Vice-President of Zambia and founder/owner of NWR.Grindrod’s Rail division operates railways and builds, refurbishes and maintains locomotives and wagons provides rail signalling systems and constructs and maintains track infrastructure. Said James Holley, Grindrod Rail, Divisional Chief Executive, “We have spent the last few years developing our rail capabilities and growing our capacity to participate in the growth in the Africa rail sector. It has meant we are perfectly placed to take up opportunities like this on the African continent”.Said Dave Rennie, CEO Grindrod Freight Services –Ports & Rail, “This investment will enable Grindrod to extract synergies from our existing investments in the North South rail corridor and our port operations in Maputo, Richards Bay and Durban. We also see great potential in creating an Atlantic gateway to Central Africa through Lobito and look forward to playing our part in making this a reality with the development of Phase II. “We like the economic fundamentals of the copper market. We have previously been highly focused on the coal and iron ore markets so this gives us a good opportunity to diversify our bulk commodity mix”.Existing copper mines are located in the Eastern Copperbelt and are serviced by smelters located near to Chingola (Zambia) and Lubumbashi (DRC). New mine developments have started, and more are planned, in the Central and Western Copperbelt area of Zambia which need to transport ore up to 300 km for processing. Road infrastructure is poor, and the cost of road transport is becoming prohibitive. An alternative rail transport solution will be both more economic for the North Western province of Zambia and much less damaging to the local environmental.Said Kavindele, “Grindrod has proven itself to be a good custodian of state assets elsewhere in Africa and I believe that as Zambians, we can be pleased to have them as our partners in this important project which will create thousands of jobs in the country in accordance with government policy.
Developers of the coal plow, Wilhelm Löbbe and Konrad Grebe will be inducted in the Underground Production category at the gala dinner in the Brown Palace Hotel, Denver on February 16 (www.im-halloffame.com)- lead sponsor Stantec. Caterpillar nominated Wilhelm Löbbe (1890 – 1950), who “invented and refined the coal plow in an attempt to modernize and mechanize underground coal mining. The invention of the ‘Loebbe Plow’ in the early days laid the foundation for establishing plowing as the preferred high-productivity longwall mining method for seam heights below 1.8 m.” Separately, Konrad Grebe was nominated by Peter Zuber, Export Manager, Bochumer Eisenhütte Heintzmann. Grebe invented the plow for coal production in thin seams. It was introduced in 1941 at Ibbenbüren colliery in Germany, which is still producing and -of course- only with plows as it only has thin seams.Grebe worked for Ibbenbüren colliery and was the man who drove the development of plowing with the first tests, etc. He had the idea of using plows as extraction machine. The first test machines were made at the mine’s workshop. Grebe was nominated Pioneer of labour” in 1943.Wilhelm Löbbe worked for as the Chief Engineer at Westfalia Lünen, which was the first manufacturer of plows besides the Ibbenbüren mine workshop, until 1950. Later of course Westfalia became DBT, then Bucyrus Europe and now Caterpillar. Löbbe transferred the results of the tests, etc. into a real engineered machine. The combination of chain conveyor and plow into one machine was Löbbe’s accomplishment.Returning to the Caterpillar nomination, Dr Uli Paschedag, Director Product Segment Underground, Caterpillar Global Mining explains that “plowing is a long-known coal mining method invented in the early 1940s. Many different plow models were designed and trialled underground until in the mid-1990s only two models remained: the Reisshakenhobel® or base plate plow and the Gleithobel® or gliding plow. Power and plow speed have increased steadily over time; however it wasn’t until 1989 when the biggest weakness of plow systems was overcome: automated plowing, using electrohydraulic controls, with defined cutting depths. This finally allowed plowing to become the most productive mining method for seams below 1.8 m thickness.“This technology step like most inventions in plowing came from Caterpillar’s predecessor Westfalia Lünen. Another milestone was yet another invention by Westfalia as the world’s first and only really mine-worthy and rugged control system PM 4 was introduced in 1993. Today, three standard plow systems are offered by Caterpillar together with tailor-made plow shields and the currently most advanced electronic shield control system, the PMC®-R. Installed cutting power of up to 2 x 800 kW, coupled with a blazing plow speed of up to 3.6 m/s and world-leading automation capabilities leads to an integrated longwall mining system for medium and thin seams which produces more clean coal at lower cost than any shearer can.
At the recent Vale Day event in London attended by International Mining, Vale announced the latest on its flagship 90 Mt/y S11D iron ore project. Up to October 2014, physical progress completion was 55% with start-up in H2 2016 still on course, and of the approved CAPEX of $8.09 billion, the trend is looking at a final total of $6.7 -7.1 billion with executed CAPEX so far at $3.30 billion. Vale states: “Our flagship project reached 37% of combined physical progress in Q3 2014. During the quarter, Vale concluded 83% of electromechanical assembly of modules, initiated the earthworks on the mine and received all mobile crushing rigs, part of the truckless system equipment, on site. In the railway and port, we initiated the pile driving for the bridges over Sossego and Parauapebas rivers, while in the offshore north berth we reached 31% of completion.”Galib Chaim, Executive Director Capital Projects told IM when asked about progress with primary mining and any anticipated issues with the use of the new fully mobile rig design from Sandvik: “We already use IPCC methods at operations in Brazilian iron ore and Australian coal and at S11D have already made good progress with the mine, having advanced more than we had planned. Earthworks will complete ahead of the due date, with the contractor having reached its target also ahead of the due date. Earth movement to date totals 15 million m3. The mine schedule does not see production until H2 2016 and the main truckless rigs and components are already on site, as is the bulk of the conveyor system. Much of the equpiment was made in China and there have been no issues with our key suppliers.” Some 69 modules for project equipment were preassembled and transported by road to site. He also directly referred to “two smaller capacity IPCC units” that it already uses in Brazil, a reference the two ThyssenKrupp fully mobile IPCC rigs that Vale has already been using for some time at the Carajas N4E operation.Also at Carajas, Vale it has delivered the licencing of orebody N4WS, with the N5S licence expected soon. N4WS is a key part of 2015 and 2016 production plans having higher quality ore and a lower strip ratio. the N4WS area is also close to the Plant 2 primary crusher, which reduces average transportation costs.